Category Archives: Theory

Advances in the theory of Extended Heim Theory

Emerging Physics – Part 1

In the paper “Emerging Physics for Novel Field Propulsion Science”, Drs. Jachem Hauser and co-author Walter Dröscher have published the most comprehensive paper to date on EHT-based gravity field propulsion. Presented at the SPESIF conference – a gathering of aerospace and propulsion engineers – Hauser incorporates supportive experimental results from Dr. Martin Tajmar’s (section co-chair) studies and positions EHT (Expanded Heim Theory) as the basis for a new technological domain making possible fuel-less propulsion with present day technology.

The paper begins with a review of advanced concepts in space propulsion that have been around for decades but which have made no significant progress in achievement. It then turns to the ESA studies conducted by Tajmar et al. who measured a frame-dragging effect (a gravitomagnetic effect predicted by general relativity) in his laboratory 18 orders of magnitude higher than predicted by GR. The gravitomagnetic force measured was as if the instruments were positioned on the surface of a white dwarf star.

EHT postulates that since this effect occurs only at cryogenic temperatures that a phase change takes place leading to novel particles. These “virtual particles are identified as imaginary mass electron pairs… producing a final force that is gravity-like.” The paper argues that unlike Tajmar’s experimental configuration which produced an azimuthal force, a device in which the gravitoelectric field is directed along the axis of rotation could be constructed generating a gravitomagnetic force capable of “lifting a sizable mass from the surface of the Earth” using currently available technology.

EHT argues that classical physics is incomplete in that it has failed to predict two additional fundamental force fields that are gravity-like and long-range in their effects. These gravity-like fields are acceleration fields that may be both attractive and repulsive. Along with Newtonian gravitation this results in a set of three gravitational fields coupling electromagnetism with gravitation and providing a basis not only for propulsion but for predicting both dark energy and dark matter.

EHT is based upon a geometrical model combining external spacetime (Minkowski metric of R4) encompassing all physical events and internal space (Heim space or H8) with its eight dimensions encompassing physical interactions and matter with the smallest discrete unit of space being the metron, a unit similarly defined by proponents of Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG).

Physical manifestations of geometry within H8 are represented by subgroups, each describing a Hermetry form representing particles and interactions. These particles may be “virtual particles of imaginary mass” describing transitory states during symmetry breaking achieved at cryogenic temperatures. Thus particles may exist as either ordinary matter or non-ordinary matter, but in concert uphold conservation principles of momentum and energy.

The paper further describes in detail the polymetric tensor and double coordinate transformation in a manner foreseen by Einstein through the geometrical properties of spacetime. The GR mono-metric transforms curvilinear coordinates to Euclidian coordinates to describe Newtonian gravitation. Heim space represents an interim transformation analogous (albiet roughly) to interim states of a chemical reaction. Therefore Heim space complements GR. If Heim space did not exist, its polymetric tensor would simply collapse mathematically to the mono-metric of GR.

By extracting terms, the complete polymetric tensor with 64 terms is eventually reduced to 15 different Hermetry forms which include six fundamental forces of nature including gravitation and two gravity-like forces.

EHT contrasts starkly with elementary particle physics. In the standard model particles possess their own existence. In EHT the existence of particles are a consequence of the geometry of internal space. Internal space (H8) comprises four subspaces denoted R3 and T1 (the dimensions recognized by GR), S2 and I2. In physical terms, R3 subspace coordinates are responsible for the existence of mass, S2 for the formation of organizational structures (neg-entropy), I2 for information structures (entropy) and T1 for the existence of charges.

Though not referenced in this paper, similarities to the key role of organizational structures and information structures for determining entropy have been reflected in 2009 presentations by Erik Verlinde who suggested that gravity as an entropic emergent force from spacetime. This view that the universe is an information structure is also supported by the holographic principle.

In Part 2 – Ordinary and Non-Ordinary Matter, Imaginary Matter and Space Drives

AIAA Old Business

This was posted more than a month ago at Hauser’s site:

August 2012
Paper AIAA 2012-3915, 23 pp. On the Reality of Gravity-Like Fields

Prof. J. Hauser presented the peer reviewed paper entitled On the Reality Gravity-Like Fields at the 48th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 29 July – 1 August 2012, Atlanta, GA, published by the American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics. The [6 page] abstract and the introduction of the paper can be downloaded here. The complete paper can be ordered from AIAA (use website).

Any breakthrough in propulsion or energy generation, in order to become a real game changer, needs to be functioning without fuel. This insight is not new, and was already discussed in the book on space propulsion by Corliss, 1960, termed field propulsion, and was actively researched in industry and academia at that time, however, without success.

At present NASA no longer has a manned spaceflight program, but there is a group of adventurous space entrepreneurs who have a keen vision of technology, and, having founded their own companies, are determined to bring man into space at relatively low cost. The only technology currently available results from the physics of classical momentum conservation, as expressed by Tsiolkovsky’s rocket equation of 1904, that cannot be overcome by technical refinement.

In order to succeed, the space entrepreneurs need to complement their vision of technology with the appropriate vision of science. A novel physical principle for spaceflight as well as energy generation is needed first, then everything else will fall into place, i.e. the proper technology will follow from this principle. The technology must be feasible, which means that no unrealistic concepts like antimatter, negative energy (wormholes), or spacetime warping etc. should be involved.

What could this new physical principle be? Evidently, it has to do with both gravitation and spacetime. This paper therefore discusses the reality of the existence of novel gravity-like fields, not being produced by large static or moving masses. Both experimental and theoretical concepts are presented. To this end, a set of recent eleven experiments was identified that, in some way or another, contradict established physical theories. In addition, the basic concepts of a theoretical approach are presented, termed Extended Heim Theory (EHT), that predicts six fundamental forces, three of them of gravitational origin, including the existence of an interaction between electromagnetism and gravitation.

Selected slides from J. Hauser

Prof. J. Hauser has made available on his site a comprehensive lecture series on the
”Introduction to the Physics of Gravity-like Fields” which contains a set of 120 color slides. It is available here 
in pdf format and may be purchased at a price of $ 40 or 35 Euros.

As mentioned on July 14 in this blog, on June 19 of this year, Prof. J. Hauser gave an invited lecture at the Technical Univ. of Braunschweig entitled, “Emerging Physics of Space Propulsion and Energy Generation.” A shortened version of his presentation materials can be downloaded for free here.

In the Braunschweig slide materials Prof. Hauser thanks me for a copy of my March 2011 book Gravity 2.0. Actually it is I who should be thanking Prof. Hauser (and did so in my book’s dedication) for his participation in reviewing my book for accuracy, as did Prof. M. Tajmar.

In the aforementioned slides Prof. Hauser refers to me as Professor Gregory Daigle, University of Minnesota. Just for the record, I am currently adjunct faculty in the College of Design at the University of Minnesota, but was formerly an Associate Professor at the Minneapolis College of Art and Design. Hence the design focus of my book.

On the Reality of Gravity-Like Fields

This evening Dr. Hauser gave his talk at the AIAA (The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) 48th Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit in Atlanta. The AIAA is the world’s largest technical society dedicated to the global aerospace profession.

Dr. Hauser’s topic for presentation was his new paper, “On the Reality of Gravity-Like Fields”, which continues his work and that of Dr. Droescher on Extended Heim Theory. This particular presentation made a bold effort to explain how EHT can be a theoretical model for MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) by employing EHT’s prediction of 2 additional fundamental interactions related to gravitation.

He begins by reviewing a set of eleven experiments and/or astrophysical observations. He believes they clearly provide substantial evidence for novel physical concepts to exist that are outside relativity and which require novel types of fields beyond the standard model. He also provides a critique of Dr. Tajmar’s most recent experimental studies that produced null results, saying that the difficulty seems to be with the noise level of the gyroscope and lack of maintaining a sufficiently low ambient temperature field rather than the non-existence of gravitomagnetic fields.

This non-mathematical paper describes how gravitophotons and quintessence particles and their antiparticles can account for the presence of dark matter in the galactic halo and the measurement known as “MOND acceleration.” By solving for the gravitational accelerations for visible and dark matter inside a galaxy (which are shown to be different), Dr. Hauser obtains the formula for the well known MOND relation and from it derives the correct equation for the orbital speed of stars at a distance large enough from the center of the galaxy.

MOND predictions of galaxy rotation have been the most accurate, producing results notably more accurate than models of dark matter. Lee Smolin and co-workers have tried unsuccessfully to obtain a theoretical basis for MOND from quantum gravity. Smolin’s conclusion is “MOND is a tantalizing mystery, but not one that can be resolved now.” That may change with this presentation by Dr. Hauser.

This breakthrough provides a theoretical basis for the well known observations of dark matter and dark energy that defy standard interpretations of GR and SR, and explains them through interactions of new particles predicted by EHT and the poly-metric tensor approach originally conceived in the 1950s by Burkhard Heim. A more quantitative paper would solidify the propositions in this new direction and we hope that such a paper is already in the works.

This new direction for EHT can not be emphasized enough. EHT now describes a common underlying basis for both the smallest scale interactions of subatomic particles and predictions for the largest scale interactions of dark energy and dark matter on a universe-wide scale.

Dr. Hauser concludes with the prediction of gravity-like fields that might be generated in the laboratory and may serve as the physical basis for establishing a completely novel technology field, termed gravitational engineering. And by inference, “gravity design”, the design discipline described in my book.

Lectures series on Gravity-like Fields available

From the HPCC-Space GmbH (High Performance Computing and Communication for Space) site:

A comprehensive lecture series on the Introduction to the Physics of Gravity-like Fields (120 color slides) in pdf format may be purchased from the site here.

Please e-mail your reply to .

This course provides a step by step introduction with detailed explanation for a thorough orientation in the field of both theoretical and experimental breakthrough propulsion physics and energy generation, derived from the novel concept of gravitational engineering. The physics issues are presented with little mathematics, but are illustrated by numerous diagrams in order to give the reader a chance to progress in this field from the popular to the expert level.

New chapter by Hauser and Droescher

Gravity-Superconductors Interactions: Theory and Experiment
(Eds. Giovanni Modanese, Univ. of Bozen, Italy and G. A. Robertson, Institute for Advanced Research in the Space, U.S.A.) was published by Bentham Science Publishers (

In Chap. 11, pp. 269-319, entitled: Emerging Physics for Gravity-like Fields, W. Droescher and J. H. Hauser present both experimental and theoretical evidence for gravitational engineering that is, the generation of laboratory generated gravitational fields. Extreme gravitomagnetic fields might be generated through a phase transition at cryogenic temperatures, triggering the conversion of electromagnetic into gravitomagnetic potentials. The physical model for this process is presented and the technology ensuing from this novel physical interaction with regard to propellantless propulsion, direct energy generation, and transportation in general is discussed.

In the foreword, written by J. H. Hauser, the publisher has decided, without further consultation, to change the name of Wernher von Braun into Werner von Braun, obviously being unaware that Wernher is the correct first name of Prof. von Braun. The foreword by J. H. Hauser and the introduction to Chapter 11 can be downloaded here.

Note: Be aware that for the above listed book, purchasing chapters or the full book online may encounter credit card fraud alerts… it did for me in the U.S., possibly because the publisher, Bentham Books, is located in the United Arab Emirates.

EHT and the Higgs

The Higgs boson has been in the news lately. Its detection (or at least the detection of a particle very similar to a singular Higgs) has been claimed by CERN. But as reported in various scientific publications, further analysis of the data from particle physicists at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois suggests that CERN is just about as likely to have found evidence for more exotic varieties of the Higgs particle, called Higgs doublets or Higgs triplets. These “impostor” Higgs particles are part of a non-Standard Model interpretation of the Higgs concept, where several different Higgs-type particles (instead of just one) are together responsible for the Higgs field. In fact, a popular theory known as supersymmetry predicts at least five Higgs particles, and others predict many more.

What does Extended Heim Theory say of the Higgs? Here are snippets from various articles authored by Hauser and Droescher.

The 6 generators of O(2, q) for subspace S2 give rise to 6 Higgs fields (bosons) through which fermions are coming into existence (mass and charge). Six Higgs fields should exist, whose lightest particle mass should have, according to considerations from EHT, a mass of 182.7 ± 0.7 GeV.

The 6 anti-Higgs bosons of O(2,q) from subspace I2 procure mass and charge, including imaginary mass for the particles representing non-ordinary matter. In total there should exist twelve Higgs fields (two O(2,q) groups) that endow physical particles (fields) with their inherent charges.

It is assumed that the current of the superconducting electrons (Cooper pairs) causes a current of imaginary electrons. Imaginary particles are formed via the Higgs mechanism, for instance, as described by Kaku (Kaku, M.: Quantum Field Theory, Oxford, 1993).

Because of the twelve Higgs fields, 12 charges are proposed; four of them should be of gravitational nature. And that’s what is proposed in EHT, gravitophotons v0gp-, v0gp+, v0g, and v0q.

New Ebook Available on Gravity and Superconductors

Dr. Hauser wrote the forward and contributed a chapter with Dr. Droescher (“Emerging Physics for Gravity-Like Fields”). Individual chapters may be downloaded, but those in the U.S. should be aware that orders from Bentham (located in the United Arab Emirates) may trigger fraud alerts on your credit card.

Gravity-Superconductors Interactions: Theory and Experiment
eISBN: 978-1-60805-399-5

Volume 1

pp.i-iii (1) Authors: Jean-Marie Muylaert, Jochem H. Hauser

pp.iv-iv (1) Authors: G. Modanese, G.A. Robertson

List of Contributors 
pp.v-v (1) Authors: G. Modanese, G.A. Robertson

Gravity-Superconductors Interactions: Historical Background
pp.3-22 (20) Authors: Giovanni Modanese, Glen A. Robertson

Interactions Between Superconductors and High-Frequency Gravitational Waves
pp.23-57 (35) Author: R.C. Woods

High Temperature Superconductors as Quantum Sources of Gravitational Waves: The HTSC GASER
pp.58-73 (16) Author: Giorgio Fontana

Quantum Effects in the Type II Superconductor that Lead to Power Radiated in Gravitational Waves
pp.74-104 (31) Author: Glen A. Robertson

Quantum Gravity Evaluation of Stimulated Graviton Emission in Superconductors
pp.105-131 (27) Author: Giovanni Modanese

Tajmar Experiments on “Condensing the Vacuum”
pp.132-152 (21) Author: R.A. Lewis

The Chiao Gravity-Superconductor EM Transducer: An Overview
pp.153-168 (16) Author: R.A. Lewis

Study of Light Interaction with Gravity Impulses and Measurements of the Speed of Gravity Impulses
pp.169-182 (14) Authors: Evgeny Podkletnov, Giovanni Modanese

Setup for the Impulse Gravity Generator Experiment Replication
pp.183-202 (20) Author: Timo Junker

Experimental Considerations in Superconductor Gravity Experiments
pp.203-228 (26) Authors: George Hathaway, Harald Reiss

Emerging Physics for Gravity-Like Fields
pp.229-270 (42) Authors: Walter Droescher, Jochem Hauser

Gravity-Superconductor Interactions from a Hierarchy of Density Dependent Scalar Fields: A Dark Matter Connection
pp.271-287 (17) Author: Glen A. Robertson

Impact of Lifetime and Decay Rates of Thermally Excited States in Superconductors on a Gravity Experiment
pp.288-324 (37) Author: Harald Reiss

Subject Index 
pp.325-326 (2) Authors: Giovanni Modanese, Glen A. Robertson

Presentation by Dr. Hauser

On June 21 in the Physorg forum on Burkhard Heim’s Particle Structure Theory, I posted:
“Prof. Hauser gave a lecture yesterday in Braunschweig on ‘Emerging Physics for Space Propulsion and Energy Generation.’ ”

Prof. Hauser will also be presenting at the Joint Propulsion Conference of the AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) in Atlanta. He will be presenting in the evening of Monday July 30 on the topic “On the Reality of Gravity-Like Fields.”