All posts by gdaigle

About gdaigle

Gregory Daigle is a former professor of design who has accrued national and international awards for interactive media and STEM learning. He has held management and creative leadership positions with advertising, e-learning, industrial design and interactive media firms. He heads an awarded non-profit for place-based learning and has written numerous articles on design and technology.

Emerging Physics – Part 1

In the paper “Emerging Physics for Novel Field Propulsion Science”, Drs. Jachem Hauser and co-author Walter Dröscher have published the most comprehensive paper to date on EHT-based gravity field propulsion. Presented at the SPESIF conference – a gathering of aerospace and propulsion engineers – Hauser incorporates supportive experimental results from Dr. Martin Tajmar’s (section co-chair) studies and positions EHT (Expanded Heim Theory) as the basis for a new technological domain making possible fuel-less propulsion with present day technology.

The paper begins with a review of advanced concepts in space propulsion that have been around for decades but which have made no significant progress in achievement. It then turns to the ESA studies conducted by Tajmar et al. who measured a frame-dragging effect (a gravitomagnetic effect predicted by general relativity) in his laboratory 18 orders of magnitude higher than predicted by GR. The gravitomagnetic force measured was as if the instruments were positioned on the surface of a white dwarf star.

EHT postulates that since this effect occurs only at cryogenic temperatures that a phase change takes place leading to novel particles. These “virtual particles are identified as imaginary mass electron pairs… producing a final force that is gravity-like.” The paper argues that unlike Tajmar’s experimental configuration which produced an azimuthal force, a device in which the gravitoelectric field is directed along the axis of rotation could be constructed generating a gravitomagnetic force capable of “lifting a sizable mass from the surface of the Earth” using currently available technology.

EHT argues that classical physics is incomplete in that it has failed to predict two additional fundamental force fields that are gravity-like and long-range in their effects. These gravity-like fields are acceleration fields that may be both attractive and repulsive. Along with Newtonian gravitation this results in a set of three gravitational fields coupling electromagnetism with gravitation and providing a basis not only for propulsion but for predicting both dark energy and dark matter.

EHT is based upon a geometrical model combining external spacetime (Minkowski metric of R4) encompassing all physical events and internal space (Heim space or H8) with its eight dimensions encompassing physical interactions and matter with the smallest discrete unit of space being the metron, a unit similarly defined by proponents of Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG).

Physical manifestations of geometry within H8 are represented by subgroups, each describing a Hermetry form representing particles and interactions. These particles may be “virtual particles of imaginary mass” describing transitory states during symmetry breaking achieved at cryogenic temperatures. Thus particles may exist as either ordinary matter or non-ordinary matter, but in concert uphold conservation principles of momentum and energy.

The paper further describes in detail the polymetric tensor and double coordinate transformation in a manner foreseen by Einstein through the geometrical properties of spacetime. The GR mono-metric transforms curvilinear coordinates to Euclidian coordinates to describe Newtonian gravitation. Heim space represents an interim transformation analogous (albiet roughly) to interim states of a chemical reaction. Therefore Heim space complements GR. If Heim space did not exist, its polymetric tensor would simply collapse mathematically to the mono-metric of GR.

By extracting terms, the complete polymetric tensor with 64 terms is eventually reduced to 15 different Hermetry forms which include six fundamental forces of nature including gravitation and two gravity-like forces.

EHT contrasts starkly with elementary particle physics. In the standard model particles possess their own existence. In EHT the existence of particles are a consequence of the geometry of internal space. Internal space (H8) comprises four subspaces denoted R3 and T1 (the dimensions recognized by GR), S2 and I2. In physical terms, R3 subspace coordinates are responsible for the existence of mass, S2 for the formation of organizational structures (neg-entropy), I2 for information structures (entropy) and T1 for the existence of charges.

Though not referenced in this paper, similarities to the key role of organizational structures and information structures for determining entropy have been reflected in 2009 presentations by Erik Verlinde who suggested that gravity as an entropic emergent force from spacetime. This view that the universe is an information structure is also supported by the holographic principle.

In Part 2 – Ordinary and Non-Ordinary Matter, Imaginary Matter and Space Drives

It is occasionally nice to back a winner.

It has been too long since my most recent post in this blog, but a research paper caught my attention… and apparently that of Forbes.

My book Gravity 2.0 primary discusses social and design implications if gravity modification is achieved here on earth, though I do have one chapter devoted to what it means for near orbit technology and for deep space exploration. Both of the space venues would require new power technologies to produce sufficient specific energies to power craft to the stars and back over a period of years (not centuries).

In my book I mention two potential sources, one being Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat reactor employing Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR), otherwise known as cold fusion. That was in March 2011.

Yesterday a team of researchers from Bologna University in Italy and Uppsala University in Sweden reported in Cornell’s pre-publication physics archive arXiv.org that Rossi’s latest iteration of his reactor does indeed produce anomalous heat, “that is one order of magnitude higher than any conventional source.” That is, with the most conservative of figures and assumptions, the heat produced is at least ten times higher than that of any chemically energetic reaction known.

The devices tested contained nickel powder plus unknown additives pressurized with hydrogen gas. When the container was heated, substantial heat was produced in excess of the input heat. Initial heat was provided by spiral resistor coils powered from an outside source. “In the ON/OFF phase, the resistor coils were powered up and powered down by the control system at regular intervals of about two minutes for the ON state and four minutes for the OFF state. This operating mode was kept more or less unchanged for all the remaining hours of the test.” Rossi has mentioned on several occasions tests of versions of the device that use the excess energy from the device itself once initial operating temperatures are reached. In essence, it becomes self-sustaining.

The report has already been mentioned in Forbes, and its author, Mark Gibbs, concludes his story, “While a few commentators have raised criticisms concerning how the measurements were made and sources of error others have argued that the energy produced is so significant even knocking off an order of magnitude on either axis still portrays a process with insanely valuable output. This is not, of course, the last word or even one anywhere near the end of this story but unless this is one of the most elaborate hoaxes in scientific history it looks like the world may well be about to change. How quick will depend solely on Rossi“.

As for Extended Heim Theory, the theoretical basis for gravity modification, additional publications are being prepared. But I will offer this small offering for now, an interactive version of my book’s free preview. Roll over the “Z” for the option to open in a new window (preferred) or view full screen. It requires Flash, but later this year, it will run on all mobile devices.

AIAA Old Business

This was posted more than a month ago at Hauser’s site: http://www.hpcc-space.de

August 2012
Paper AIAA 2012-3915, 23 pp. On the Reality of Gravity-Like Fields

Prof. J. Hauser presented the peer reviewed paper entitled On the Reality Gravity-Like Fields at the 48th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 29 July – 1 August 2012, Atlanta, GA, published by the American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics. The [6 page] abstract and the introduction of the paper can be downloaded here. The complete paper can be ordered from AIAA (use aiaa.org website).

Any breakthrough in propulsion or energy generation, in order to become a real game changer, needs to be functioning without fuel. This insight is not new, and was already discussed in the book on space propulsion by Corliss, 1960, termed field propulsion, and was actively researched in industry and academia at that time, however, without success.

At present NASA no longer has a manned spaceflight program, but there is a group of adventurous space entrepreneurs who have a keen vision of technology, and, having founded their own companies, are determined to bring man into space at relatively low cost. The only technology currently available results from the physics of classical momentum conservation, as expressed by Tsiolkovsky’s rocket equation of 1904, that cannot be overcome by technical refinement.

In order to succeed, the space entrepreneurs need to complement their vision of technology with the appropriate vision of science. A novel physical principle for spaceflight as well as energy generation is needed first, then everything else will fall into place, i.e. the proper technology will follow from this principle. The technology must be feasible, which means that no unrealistic concepts like antimatter, negative energy (wormholes), or spacetime warping etc. should be involved.

What could this new physical principle be? Evidently, it has to do with both gravitation and spacetime. This paper therefore discusses the reality of the existence of novel gravity-like fields, not being produced by large static or moving masses. Both experimental and theoretical concepts are presented. To this end, a set of recent eleven experiments was identified that, in some way or another, contradict established physical theories. In addition, the basic concepts of a theoretical approach are presented, termed Extended Heim Theory (EHT), that predicts six fundamental forces, three of them of gravitational origin, including the existence of an interaction between electromagnetism and gravitation.

LENR for Aircraft

Though the Swiss effort to power vehicles through applying LENR technology (see blog “First Research for Powering Vehicles with LENR” on July 14) was impressive in it’s aggressive timeline approach, other researchers are intent on studying the long-range application of LENR to aircraft.

There is a May 2012 NASA study (NASA/CR-2012-217556) entitled “Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research, PhaseII: N+4 Advanced Concept Development” which looks to LENR as a potential ultra-green power source for subsonic aircraft. Not gravity vehicles, but a step toward validating LENR as a power source for flying craft.

In the Boeing Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research (SUGAR) Phase I study, Boeing identified and analyzed advanced concepts and technologies for aircraft that would fly in the 2030-2035 timeframe. One of the recommendations from that study was to conduct a follow-on study to consider the synergistic benefits of methane and/or hydrogen fuel.

This Phase II study covers advanced technology potentials in the 2040 – 2050 timeframe and includes consideration of LENR technology. In this study the SUGAR Team has assumed, for the purposes of technology planning and establishing system requirements, that the LENR technology will work. They have not conducted an independent technology feasibility assessment on LENR, but the technology plan contained identifies the steps that would need to take place to develop a propulsion system for aviation that utilizes LENR technology.

The group identified that the LENR concept could have tremendous benefits, though the technical risks are extremely high. All of the conceptual power alternatives were ranked on the basis of energy output, global emissions, LTO emissions, noise, cost and technology maturity risk. The final score of LENR, including technology risk, had the highest payoff, but also an associated high risk.

The study forecast that traditional fuel burn and emissions will be reduced or eliminated by using LENR energy. Also, noise may be reduced by using LENR heat instead of combustion in the engines.

The primary conversion of LENR-produced heat to power is suggested to be turbine fans and alternate heat engines such as those employing Sterling, Diesel, Wankel, Otto, and Brayton cycles. They do not consider the use of direct conversion to electrical energy using thermoelectric converters as has the Swiss automotive team.

Here is a paper on some of the issues surrounding the efficiency of thermoelectric conversion of LENR heat to electricity: http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/Hagelsteinthermaltoe.pdf

Selected slides from J. Hauser

Prof. J. Hauser has made available on his site a comprehensive lecture series on the
”Introduction to the Physics of Gravity-like Fields” which contains a set of 120 color slides. It is available here 
in pdf format and may be purchased at a price of $ 40 or 35 Euros.

As mentioned on July 14 in this blog, on June 19 of this year, Prof. J. Hauser gave an invited lecture at the Technical Univ. of Braunschweig entitled, “Emerging Physics of Space Propulsion and Energy Generation.” A shortened version of his presentation materials can be downloaded for free here.

In the Braunschweig slide materials Prof. Hauser thanks me for a copy of my March 2011 book Gravity 2.0. Actually it is I who should be thanking Prof. Hauser (and did so in my book’s dedication) for his participation in reviewing my book for accuracy, as did Prof. M. Tajmar.

In the aforementioned slides Prof. Hauser refers to me as Professor Gregory Daigle, University of Minnesota. Just for the record, I am currently adjunct faculty in the College of Design at the University of Minnesota, but was formerly an Associate Professor at the Minneapolis College of Art and Design. Hence the design focus of my book.

Steorn In €50 Million A Year HephaHeat Bonanza

On July 20 I mentioned in this blog that physicist Brian Ahern had proposed asymmetric magnetism as the basis for LENR. Steorn, an engineering firm in Dublin, had previously claimed that its Orbo power generation technology operated through the application of asymmetric magnetism. The Sunday Times Ireland’s business section recently contained a surprising new article on intellectual property development firm Steorn.

As reported in truthfall.com, “Their HephaHeat hot water boiling technology looks certain to reinvigorate the company’s finances with two multinational companies seeking to incorporate HephaHeat into consumer and commercial products netting Steorn royalties of around €50 Million per annum by 2017.”
 
 Sunday Times Ireland reported…
 

“The Dublin technology company that claimed it could produce energy from nothing says that it has signed collaboration agreements with two large multinational manufacturers writes Tim Madigan.”

The agreements cover the design work  required to incorporate Steorn’s HephaHeat technology into products that use steam and hot water.
 
This development marks the first time consumer product manufacturers have considered using HephaHeat in their designs.
 
Steorn courted controversy by placing an advert in the Economist in 2006 inviting scientists to inspect its Orbo technology, which it claimed produced “free, clean and constant energy”.
 
A two-year verification process overseen by a scientific jury concluded that Steorn has “not shown any evidence of energy production”.
 
The manufacturers, more convinced of the technology’s potential, are keen to enter into a design phase with the company.
 
HephaHeat is the tradename for Orbo in heating applications.
 
Steorn has raised 19 million Euros from investors to date according to Sean McCarthy, Steorn’s chief executive.  Recently filed accounts show accumulated losses had reached 17.2m by the end of 2010.
 
If manufacturers include HephaHeat in their products, a license agreement is envisaged which would provide a royalty fee for each product sold.
 
HephaHeat technology is designed for electric water-heating products aimed at the domestic and commercial water-heating industry.
 
McCarthy claims that royalty fees from these agreements could be bringing in up to 50 million a year by 2017 if these deals progress beyond the design stage.”

Steorn will provide E-Cat, Defkalion and other LENR manufacturing firms with competition from their technology which may also employ LENR, but by another name.

On the Reality of Gravity-Like Fields

This evening Dr. Hauser gave his talk at the AIAA (The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) 48th Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit in Atlanta. The AIAA is the world’s largest technical society dedicated to the global aerospace profession.

Dr. Hauser’s topic for presentation was his new paper, “On the Reality of Gravity-Like Fields”, which continues his work and that of Dr. Droescher on Extended Heim Theory. This particular presentation made a bold effort to explain how EHT can be a theoretical model for MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) by employing EHT’s prediction of 2 additional fundamental interactions related to gravitation.

He begins by reviewing a set of eleven experiments and/or astrophysical observations. He believes they clearly provide substantial evidence for novel physical concepts to exist that are outside relativity and which require novel types of fields beyond the standard model. He also provides a critique of Dr. Tajmar’s most recent experimental studies that produced null results, saying that the difficulty seems to be with the noise level of the gyroscope and lack of maintaining a sufficiently low ambient temperature field rather than the non-existence of gravitomagnetic fields.

This non-mathematical paper describes how gravitophotons and quintessence particles and their antiparticles can account for the presence of dark matter in the galactic halo and the measurement known as “MOND acceleration.” By solving for the gravitational accelerations for visible and dark matter inside a galaxy (which are shown to be different), Dr. Hauser obtains the formula for the well known MOND relation and from it derives the correct equation for the orbital speed of stars at a distance large enough from the center of the galaxy.

MOND predictions of galaxy rotation have been the most accurate, producing results notably more accurate than models of dark matter. Lee Smolin and co-workers have tried unsuccessfully to obtain a theoretical basis for MOND from quantum gravity. Smolin’s conclusion is “MOND is a tantalizing mystery, but not one that can be resolved now.” That may change with this presentation by Dr. Hauser.

This breakthrough provides a theoretical basis for the well known observations of dark matter and dark energy that defy standard interpretations of GR and SR, and explains them through interactions of new particles predicted by EHT and the poly-metric tensor approach originally conceived in the 1950s by Burkhard Heim. A more quantitative paper would solidify the propositions in this new direction and we hope that such a paper is already in the works.

This new direction for EHT can not be emphasized enough. EHT now describes a common underlying basis for both the smallest scale interactions of subatomic particles and predictions for the largest scale interactions of dark energy and dark matter on a universe-wide scale.

Dr. Hauser concludes with the prediction of gravity-like fields that might be generated in the laboratory and may serve as the physical basis for establishing a completely novel technology field, termed gravitational engineering. And by inference, “gravity design”, the design discipline described in my book.

Lectures series on Gravity-like Fields available

From the HPCC-Space GmbH (High Performance Computing and Communication for Space) site:

A comprehensive lecture series on the Introduction to the Physics of Gravity-like Fields (120 color slides) in pdf format may be purchased from the www.hpcc-space.de site here.

Please e-mail your reply to jh@hpcc-space.de .

This course provides a step by step introduction with detailed explanation for a thorough orientation in the field of both theoretical and experimental breakthrough propulsion physics and energy generation, derived from the novel concept of gravitational engineering. The physics issues are presented with little mathematics, but are illustrated by numerous diagrams in order to give the reader a chance to progress in this field from the popular to the expert level.

New chapter by Hauser and Droescher

Gravity-Superconductors Interactions: Theory and Experiment
(Eds. Giovanni Modanese, Univ. of Bozen, Italy and G. A. Robertson, Institute for Advanced Research in the Space, U.S.A.) was published by Bentham Science Publishers (www.benthamscience.com).

In Chap. 11, pp. 269-319, entitled: Emerging Physics for Gravity-like Fields, W. Droescher and J. H. Hauser present both experimental and theoretical evidence for gravitational engineering that is, the generation of laboratory generated gravitational fields. Extreme gravitomagnetic fields might be generated through a phase transition at cryogenic temperatures, triggering the conversion of electromagnetic into gravitomagnetic potentials. The physical model for this process is presented and the technology ensuing from this novel physical interaction with regard to propellantless propulsion, direct energy generation, and transportation in general is discussed.

In the foreword, written by J. H. Hauser, the publisher has decided, without further consultation, to change the name of Wernher von Braun into Werner von Braun, obviously being unaware that Wernher is the correct first name of Prof. von Braun. The foreword by J. H. Hauser and the introduction to Chapter 11 can be downloaded here.

Note: Be aware that for the above listed book, purchasing chapters or the full book online may encounter credit card fraud alerts… it did for me in the U.S., possibly because the publisher, Bentham Books, is located in the United Arab Emirates.

How commercial is LENR?

Since I’ve broached the topic of LENR, the question now is “How commercially viable is LENR?” In part, that has been address in Tyler van Houweligne’s slideshow, “Is Commercial Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR) the Real Deal?” available here: http://www.slideshare.net/tylervan/lenr

It is a well considered compilation of research and opinions, and though the tone may be influenced toward the affirmative by the author, the sources cited appear both legitimate and accurate according to several sources. However, this is not the final word and widely published research confirmations are still required.